OpenLiteSpeed Web Server Users' Manual

Version 1.4 Rev. 1

Rack/Rails Settings

Table of Contents

Ruby Rack/Rails Settings

Ruby Path | Run-Time Mode | Max Connections | Environment | Initial Request Timeout (secs) | Retry Timeout (secs) | Keep Alive Timeout (secs) | Response Buffering | Max Idle Time | Back Log | Run On Start Up | Priority | Memory Soft Limit (bytes) | Memory Hard Limit | Process Soft Limit | Process Hard Limit | 

Ruby Rack/Rails SettingsGo to top
Description: Default configurations for Ruby Rack/Rails applications.
Ruby PathGo to top
Description: Specifies path to Ruby executable. Generally, it is /usr/bin/ruby or /usr/local/bin/ruby depending on where Ruby has been installed to.
Syntax: Absolute path.
Run-Time ModeGo to top
Description: Specifies which mode Rack/Rails will be running as: "Development", "Production", or "Staging". The default is "Production".
Syntax: Select from drop down list
Max ConnectionsGo to top
Description: Specifies the maximum number of concurrent connections that can be established between the server and an external application. This setting controls how many requests can be processed concurrently by an external application, however, the real limit also depends on the external application itself. Setting this value higher will not help if the external application is not fast enough or cannot scale to a large number of concurrent requests.
Syntax: Integer number
Tips: [Performance] Setting a high value does not directly translate to higher performance. Setting the limit to a value that will not overload the external application will provide the best performance/throughput.
EnvironmentGo to top
Description: Specifies extra environment variables for the external application.
Syntax: Key=value. Multiple variables can be separated by "ENTER"
Initial Request Timeout (secs)Go to top
Description: Specifies the maximum time in seconds the server will wait for the external application to respond to the first request over a new established connection. If the server does not receive any data from the external application within this timeout limit, it will mark this connection as bad. This helps to identify communication problems with external applications as quickly as possible. If some requests take longer to process, increase this limit to avoid 503 error messages.
Syntax: Integer number
Retry Timeout (secs)Go to top
Description: Specifies the period of time that the server waits before retrying an external application that had a prior communication problem.
Syntax: Integer number
Keep Alive Timeout (secs)Go to top
Description: Specifies the maximum time to keep an idle persistent connection open. When set to "-1", the connection will never timeout. When set to greater than or equal to 0, the connection will be closed after this time in seconds has passed.
Syntax: int
Response BufferingGo to top
Description: Specifies whether to buffer response received from external applications. If a "nph-" (Non-Parsed-Header) script is detected, buffering is turned off for responses with full HTTP headers.
Syntax: Select from drop down list
Max Idle TimeGo to top
Description: Specifies the maximum idle time before an external application is stopped by the server. When set to "-1", the external application will not be stopped by the server. The default value is "-1". This feature allows resources used by idle applications to be freed. It is especially useful in the mass hosting environment when you need to define many applications running in "setuid" mode for the sake of maximum security.
Syntax: Select from radio box
Tips: [Performance] This feature is especially useful in the mass hosting environment. In order to prevent files owned by one virtual host from being accessed by the external application scripts of another virtual host, mass hosting often requires many different applications running at the same time in SetUID mode. Set this Max Idle Time low to prevent these external applications from idling unnecessarily.
Back LogGo to top
Description: Specifies the backlog of the listening socket. Required if Auto Start is enabled.
Syntax: Integer number
Run On Start UpGo to top
Description: Specifies whether to start the external application at server start up. Only applicable to external applications that can manage their own child processes and where Instances value is set to "1". If enabled, external processes will be created at server startup instead of run-time.
Syntax: Select from radio box
Tips: [Performance] If the configured external process has significant startup overhead, like a Rails app, then this option should be enabled to decrease first page response time.
PriorityGo to top
Description: Specifies priority of the external application process. Value ranges from -20 to 20. A lower number means a higher priority. An external application process cannot have a higher priority than the web server. If this priority is set to a lower number than the server's, the server's priority will be used for this value.
Syntax: int
See Also: Server Priority
Memory Soft Limit (bytes)Go to top
Description: Specifies the memory consumption limit in bytes for an external application process or an external application started by the server.

The main purpose of this limit is to prevent excessive memory usage because of software bugs or intentional attacks, not to impose a limit on normal usage. Make sure to leave enough head room, otherwise your application may fail and 503 error may be returned. It can be set at the server- level or at an individual external application level. The server-level limit will be used if it is not set at the individual application level.

The operating system's default setting will be used if the value is absent at both levels or set to 0.
Syntax: Integer number
Tips: [Attention] Do not over adjust this limit. This may result in 503 errors if your application needs more memory.
Memory Hard LimitGo to top
Description: Much the same as Memory Soft Limit (bytes), except the soft limit can be raised up to the hard limit from within a user process. The hard limit can be set at server level or at an individual external application level. The server-level limit will be used if it is not set at an individual application level.

The operating system's default will be used if the value is absent at both levels or set to 0.
Syntax: Integer number
Example: [Attention] Do not over adjust this limit. This may result in 503 errors if your application need more memory.
Process Soft LimitGo to top
Description: Limits the total number of processes that can be created on behalf of a user. All existing processes will be counted against this limit, not just new processes to be started.
The limit can be set at the server level or at an individual external application level. The server-level limit will be used if it is not set at an individual application level. The operating system's default setting will be used if this value is 0 or absent at both levels.
Syntax: Integer number
Tips: PHP scripts can call for forking processes. The main purpose of this limit is as a last line of defense to prevent fork bombs and other attacks caused by PHP processes creating other processes.
Setting this setting too low can severely hurt functionality. The setting will thus be ignored below certain levels.
When using suEXEC Daemon mode, the actual process limit will be higher than this setting to make sure parent processes are not limited.
Process Hard LimitGo to top
Description: Much the same as Process Soft Limit, except the soft limit can be raised up to the hard limit from within a user process. The hard limit can be set at the server level or at an individual external application level. The server-level limit will be used if it is not set at an individual application level. The operating system's default value will be used if the value is absent at both levels or set to 0.
Syntax: Integer number